COO website

1965 Welfare Agreement

The Federal and Provincial governments cost-share services to First Nations through the 1965 Indian Welfare Agreement.  This agreement requires INAC to reimburse Ontario 93 cents for every dollar of services provided to “status” Indians in the following areas:

  • Social assistance
  • Child & Family services
  • Child care
  • Homemaking

First Nations were not a signatory in this agreement which remains in effect today. Section 2 (2) does require consent from First Nations for any new programs, however the remainder of the agreement fully operates without consultation or consent from First Nations. First Nations have never given up their right of jurisdiction over the social well being of our communities despite existing programming’s failure to meet critical community needs.