Social Services

The work of the Social Services Coordination Unit (SSCU), under the Chiefs of Ontario, is an ongoing and dedicated effort to improve the quality of service and care for First Nations citizens according to First Nations customs and values. First Nations have long maintained that the gross disparity in the resources provided for First Nation child welfare services versus Canadian children must be addressed, especially as there are more Indigenous children in care today than at the height of the residential school regime.


A Discussion Paper: Ending Sexual Violence and Sexual Exploitation in First Nation Communities

Since time immemorial, First Nation peoples have had mechanisms for culturally safe practices that reconcile sexual violence and sexual exploitation within their community. These natural healing ways and justice methods have been interfered with for centuries by settler colonial justice systems. The natural healing paths and accountability mechanisms have suffered a great cultural injury, and this has resulted in an epic destructive colonial influence on our people. This discussion paper highlights the need for ending sexual violence and sexual exploitation in First Nation communities.


Call for Applications Anti-Human Trafficking Community Supports Fund (CSF) and Indigenous-led Initiatives Fund (ILIF)

The Anti-Human Trafficking Community Supports Fund is available to community-focused anti-human trafficking organizations to address the short and long-term needs of survivors of human trafficking. This fund will help service providers deliver dedicated and specialized supports, prioritizing survivor-led programming and services for children and youth who have been sexually exploited. Learn more here:

The Call for Applications on has extended its deadline to August 7, 2020, to all applicants serving survivors of human trafficking that meet eligibility criteria, including agencies currently receiving CSF and ILIF funding. Learn more about applying here: TPON Training – How to Submit for Funding (EN) – CSF & ILIF

For technical difficulties with downloading application forms, or uploading your completed submission, please contact: TPON Client Care, available Monday to Friday from 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. at:

o   Telephone: 416-325-6691 or 1-855-216-3090

o   TTY/Teletypewriter (for the hearing impaired): 416-325-3408/Toll free 1-800-268-7095

o   Email:

For all other program-related questions, please contact our office at this email ( or at 416-327-7010.

Free Legal Support for Survivors of Human Trafficking

Human trafficking is a crime. A restraining order can be an important legal tool in protecting survivors and individuals at risk of being trafficked from the threat of exploitation and violence. Learn about what human trafficking is, what you can do to stop it and what help is available at

Parents and guardians of a child survivor or a child at risk of being trafficked will also be eligible for free legal support. A restraining order can be filed any time after a survivor has been trafficked, regardless of how much time has passed.

To access services, please call the toll-free human trafficking helpline at 1-833-999-9211. TTY – 1-888-340-1001.

For more information on eligibility and the pilot program, please click here: Human Trafficking Legal Support Fact Sheet

Ontario Indian Social Services Council

The Ontario Indian Social Services Council (OISSC) is a technical and advisory body operating under the umbrella of the Chiefs of Ontario.  It is comprised of the Social Services Directors of the four associations, one representative of the Independent First Nations, and the Social Services Director from Six Nations of the Grand River.   The Council receives support through the coordinating capacity of the Chiefs of Ontario office.  OISSC is responsible to the Planning and Priorities Committee (PPC) of the Chiefs of Ontario.


Child Welfare

Our Nations’ children are not only being failed through a lack of equal opportunities to education, but also through a lack of culturally appropriate and inadequately resourced child welfare structures to protect and keep our children in our communities.


1965 Welfare Agreement

The Federal and Provincial governments cost-share services to First Nations through the 1965 Indian Welfare Agreement.


60’s Scoop

The Sixties Scoop is a term that refers to the Canadian practice of fostering or adopting out First Nations children at high rates into non-Indigenous families between the 1960s to the late 1980s.  It has been estimated that 16,000 Indigenous children were a part of the Sixties Scoop, who as a result, experienced a loss of cultural identity, their families, histories, and status.   The assimilationist practice was noted to have formally ended in the 1980s.


Social Services Committee Members


Contact the Social Services Coordination Unit:

Toronto Office:
Toll Free at:

Recent Posts

First Nations Child and Family Well-Being Ontario Special Study

The Chiefs of Ontario (COO) is undertaking a special study to provide options on a new First Nation’s child well-being approach that is child centered, community-directed and supports better outcomes by focusing on prevention services. The project has been designed to align with Canada and Ontario’s commitment to achieving reconciliation with Indigenous peoples and continue… View Article
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Big Victory Today for First Nations Kids

The Canadian Human Rights Tribunal issued a major ruling [2018 CHRT] February 1, 2018 in the ongoing case about Canada’s discrimination against First Nations children in the child welfare system.  The decision found that Canada continues to discriminate against First Nations kids, and ordered  short-term remedies that Canada has to provide to help fix discrimination… View Article
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